This guide will show you how to form an LLC in Michigan.While a Limited Liability Company can be formed in a few easy steps, we always recommend using the services of professionals. Register your business and set up for success now with $0 at Incfile.com
So why form a LLC in Michigan? The benefits of forming a LLC in Michigan are the ability to customize the Operating Agreement, the rights given to minority members, and the added benefit of the LLC being able to retain the tax status in perpetuity.
Table of Contents
1. Find a name for your LLC
The first and most important step in forming an LLC is to find a name. Start by doing some research and make sure the name you choose is suited for the business you want to begin and is easily to identify by your clients.
There are naming guidelines in Michigan! Your entity name must contain one following words: “Limited Liability Company”, “L.L.C” or “LLC”. Also, keep in mind that there are also some words that are restricted to be part of the name, for example “Bank”, “Banc”, “Banque”, or licensed individuals like “Doctor”. It is possible to have restricted words but they require additional paperwork. Basically, make sure your name does not confuse people with any federal or state agency.
Make sure your name is not taken in Michigan. Navigate to the State of Michigan website and do a name search to determine if your name is not being used by another entity. If your name is available, you must complete the name reservation online with the Michigan Secretary of State.
Find the perfect URL name as well. Check that the name you give your LLC is also available as a domain name, obviously this is not a legal requirement but it is nice to have. Even if you are not planning on setting up a website now, buying the domain name will prevent other from taking it from you and it is also very inexpensive. Having a domain will also give you the ability to set up branded email addresses, eg. [email protected]
2. Pick a Registered Agent
It is mandatory to nominate a Registered Agent in Michigan.
What is a Registered Agent? A registered agent, or also called “resident agent”, is the person designated by an LLC to officially receive documents from the state and in some cases to be served should the LLC ever be sued. Other important documents this person will receive includes annual state filings.
A registered agent must be a resident of Michigan or a corporation officially authorized to do business in Michigan . You may elect anyone within your company, including yourself. A physical address must be provided and PO Boxes are not allowed. You might find that using you home address is inconvenient because all LLC addresses become public records.
3. Submit the Articles of Organization
Forming an LLC in Michigan:
Submit the Articles of Organization for a “Domestic LLC”
Follow the instructions on the form you choose.
4. Draft up an Operating Agreement
Although is not always required it is a good idea to draft up an operating agreement. An operating agreement among an LLC is an agreement that outlines member’s financial and managerial rights and duties. Every LLC should have one. In California, New York, Missouri, Maine, or Michigan it is mandatory to have one.
Congratulations at this point you have formed your Limited Liability Company, but wait…there’s more.
5. Obtain an Employer Identification Number
You must obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN). An EIN, also known as a Federal Tax Identification Number, is a nine-digit number assigned by the IRS. The IRS uses this number to identify your company for tax purposes, think of it as a Social Security Number for your LLC.
What is an EIN for? An EIN is necessary in order to open bank accounts, for tax purposes, hire employees, among others.